From seed to sale

From seed to sale

Admin KiaroFeb 3, '22

There’s more to cannabis than meets the eye. This flowering plant is complicated, with a range of varieties and strains—but don’t let that intimidate you! 

With a history that spans the world over, the cannabis plant has long been grown and harvested for medicinal, wellness and recreational purposes, as well as for hemp fiber. Over the countless years, growers have perfected their practices. The result: strains and formats to suit a variety of needs. Even yours!

Like your favourite houseplant, each part of the plant has a job to carry out to produce the high-quality cannabis we’re seeing today. Let’s take a look, shall we?

Roots: Cannabis plants have roots in the soil (or other mediums, if you’re growing hydroponically) that keeps the plant in place, and transports water and nutrients to the stalk to be distributed throughout the plant. 

Stalks and Stems: The stalk and stems carry water and nutrients to the rest of the plant. 

Nodes: Offshoots of the stem are called nodes, so where the stem and a leaf would intersect. Nodes tell us the sex of the plant, and helps growers monitor temperature and pruning needs. Understanding the sex of the plant is important, as only female cannabis plants produce flowers. 

Cola: The point where the buds come together at the end of the stem.

Calyx: The calyx covers the ovule at the base of the pistil, and also provides the structural foundation for the cannabis flower. Along with trichomes and pistils, the calyx contains a large percentage of cannabinoids, specifically THC. 

Pistils and Stigmas: Pistils are how female plants reproduce and consist of an ovule and two stigmas. The stigmas are hair-like structures that extend from the pistol that catch male pollen. As the plant matures, the stigmas turn a rusty or orange colour, which you may have seen on dried cannabis buds. 

Flowers: Flowers, or buds, are found on the female cannabis plant and can be identified by their teardrop shape. This is the part of the plant you would inhale or ingest. The buds consist of pistils attached to bracts. Cannabis flowers are often covered with trichomes—it looks like a frosty coating. The frostier, the better. 

Trichomes: Trichomes give bud a frosty gleam. They are the resin glands that coat the flower and contain cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids—the compounds that give cannabis strains unique properties, aromas and flavours. They feel sticky to the touch. 

Fan Leaves: These are the unmistakable five-point or seven-point leaves that have become symbolic of the cannabis plant. These iconic leaves aid in photosynthesis and cultivating healthy plants. Fan leaves contain a low percentage of cannabinoids and are usually trimmed off and not used during harvest.

Sugar leaves: Smaller than fan leaves, these leaves grow on the flower and are covered with trichomes—hence their sugary name. These leaves can be trimmed off the flower and used for products like edibles or extracts.